• Why should someone hire Universal Pesticides instead of attempting your pest problems on your own? Open or Close

    Just as you wouldn’t prescribe medicine for yourself or drill your own cavities, you shouldn’t attempt to control stored pests (food grain pests), termites, rodents, flies or other pests on your own. The products and the expertise offered by Universal Pesticides far surpasses what a homeowner could do on their own.  Leave it up to the experts for peace of mind. Why risk it?

  • Can pests other than termites damage property? Open or Close

    Absolutely. Carpenter ants, carpenter bees and powder post beetles are all categorised as wood destroying insects.  That’s why it’s important to have a professional identify the source of your problem and provide the most effective treatment to control it.

  • How difficult are termites to treat? Open or Close

    Termites are nearly impossible for homeowners to treat on their own.  On the other hand, Universal pesticides’ professionals have the training, expertise and technology to eliminate termite colonies and infestations, giving you peace of mind.

  • What is fumigation? Open or Close

    The National Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (NSPM) -11 defines fumigation as application of any chemical in a gaseous state in a gas tight enclosure to kill insect and other pests. According to the National Pest Control Association of America (NPCA), fumigation is the introduction of a toxic gas into a space in a high enough concentration so that the gas fills all areas to kill target insects.

  • What is a fumigant? Open or Close

    A fumigant is a chemical at a particular temperature and pressure that can exist in gaseous state in sufficient concentration and for sufficient time to be lethal to insect and other pests.

  • What is ISPM 15? Open or Close

    ISPM 15 is the 'International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures Publication No. 15: Guidelines for Regulating Wood Packaging Material in International Trade'.

  • What are the commonly used fumigants for commodities? Open or Close

    Phosphine and Methyl Bromide are the two most common fumigants used for treating raw commodities, processed food and wooden packaging material.

  • Why was ISPM 15 developed? Open or Close

    ISPM 15 was developed to address the global spread of timber pests by regulating the movement of timber packing and dunnage in international trade. ISPM 15 describes phytosanitary measures to reduce the risk of introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests associated with solid timber packing material (includes dunnage).

  • Who developed and endorsed ISPM 15? Open or Close

    The United Nations Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) addresses plant quarantine through the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). The IPPC is an international treaty administered by the FAO and implemented through the cooperation of member governments. India is a member or 'contracting party' to the treaty. 

    ISPMs are recognised as the basis for phytosanitary measures applied by members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.

  • What are the differences between Methyl Bromide and Phosphine gas? Open or Close

    Methyl Bromide (MBr) is a liquid under pressure that turns into a gas when released after heating.  It is stored in cylinders or cans. MBr is highly penetrative, can kill insect eggs, highly toxic to a broad spectrum of insects and similar pests, and is lethal even in relatively short exposure periods (typically 24 hours for non-perishables).  However, it reacts with food containing high levels of fat, certain types of rubber, etc, and is forbidden for some commodities.

    Aluminium Phosphide (ALP) and Magnesium Phosphide (Mg2PH3) when allowed to react with atmospheric water vapour, produces phosphine gas. It is available in tablet form. ALP exposure periods are higher (typically 72 hours) and is not lethal to all insect eggs. However, ALP can be safely used for oil seeds and fatty foods like cashew nuts.

    Both fumigants are highly toxic to humans and pets, and operations have to be performed in a precise manner in the fashion prescribed by the national standards, as the fumigation treatments involve complex procedures. 

  • Where should ISPM 15 marks be located on timber packing? Open or Close

    To aid in validation inspections ISPM 15 compliant marks should be clearly visible and they should appear on at least two opposite sides of the article being certified. The marks must be permanent and not transferable. Hence metal plates and stickers are not acceptable. 

  • Do the ISPM 15 approved measures of heat treatment and methyl bromide fumigation offer permanent protection to timber packing against timber and non-timber pests? Open or Close

    Neither of the ISPM 15 approved measures offers permanent protection against post-treatment infestation of timber packing by timber and non-timber pests. The treatments only control pests present at the time of treatment. Often, post-treatment infestation of solid timber packing is an important quarantine issue.

  • Should repaired, re-manufactured and re-cycled wood packaging material be subject to re-treatment in addition to being re-certified and re-marked? Open or Close

    Yes: in order to establish chain of custody and maintain accountability, repaired, remanufactured and recycled WPM shall be subject to re-treatment. All previous ISPM15 markings shall be removed or obliterated and the product re-certified and re-marked by an authorised agency. 

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